27 December 1911 the day Jana Gana Mana was first sung #Hindustan360

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National anthem (Jana-gana-mana song) was originally composed by the Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. It was first sung in Calcutta in the meeting of Indian National Congress on 27th of December in 1911. View more at #Hindustan360.

It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta (now, Kolkata) Session of the Indian National Congress. A formal rendition of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally.

History of National Anthem of India

National anthem (Jana-gana-mana song) was originally composed by the Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. The Hindi version of the national anthem was adopted in 1950 on 24th of January by the Constituent Assembly. The lyrics and music of the national anthem was given by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was first sung in Calcutta in the meeting of Indian National Congress on 27th of December in 1911.
Full version national anthem was translated to English from Bengali and music was set in Madanapalle (it is city in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh state).

Lyrics of National Anthem of India

The text of the national anthem written in Bengali which is highly sanskritised language (also called as Sadhu bhasa). It is written completely using nouns which also used as verbs. The translated version is easily understandable by everyone however its pronunciation varies in various regions of India. It is sung on various national occasions in India. The words and music to the national anthem is given by the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore. Full version National Anthem takes 52 seconds to sing. The full version national anthem song consists of five stanzas.

जन गण मन
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे, भारत भाग्य विधाता।
पंजाब सिन्ध गुजरात मराठा, द्रविड़ उत्कल बंग।
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग।
तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशीष मागे।
गाहे तव जयगाथा।
जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे, भारत भाग्य विधाता।
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे॥

Historical significance

This poem was composed in December 1911, coinciding with the visit of King George V at the time of the Coronation Durbar of George V, and “Bharat Bhagya vidhata” and “Adhinayaka” was believed to be in praise of King George V as per the British newspapers. The composition was first sung during a convention of the then loyalist Indian National Congress in Calcutta on 27 December 1911.

The original national anthem song was written by the Rabindranath Tagore which was then translated into the Hindi and Urdu by the Abid Ali. The conversion of original song into the Hindi version by the Ali was little different. The full version of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds to sung however shortened version (having first and last lines) takes 20 seconds to sung.

“The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore sang a song composed by him specially to welcome the Emperor.”
– (Statesman, Dec. 28, 1911)

“The proceedings began with the singing by Rabindranath Tagore of a song specially composed by him in honour of the Emperor.”
– (Englishman, Dec. 28, 1911)

View more at #Hindustan360.